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    The Mountains of Cesane are located between the towns of Fossombrone, Urbino and Isola del Piano: this is a very green natural park, situated at few steps from the coast, it is populated by animals such as deer, squirrels and sometimes rates. Meetings with the wild boar are rarer; in this case, do not worry, just give them enough time to get away. The nearby Furlo Gorge and the mountains of Pietralata Paganuccio, are perfect places to organize joint programs.

    Among the most common tree species of trees in Cesane (they constitute a real sample of the world's coniferous trees), you can find the blacks pines of Austria, representing the most widespread species here, maritime pines (Tyrrhenian Sea), pines of Aleppo (Asia Minor, south-East Europe), Arizona Cypress (United States), the Cedars of the Atlas (mountains of northern Africa), deodar Cedars (Himalayas), common cypress (Mediterranean), white fir trees (Apennines, Alps), Spruce (Alps, Scandinavia, Siberia), Lawson Cypress (north West America) and so on. In addition to these conifers, you can find local trees, such as the common juniper (blue berries) and juniper Ossicedro (red berries). Thanks to the protection of the ground by the already mentioned trees and thanks to the native plants growing such as Holm, oaks and Orniello.



    Mount Pietralata (Pietragrande) is situated in the Furlo Gorge and it has walls are up to 400 meters, it  is topped by the magnificent oak forests of Tranquility. The north side, where the mountain slopes towards the valley of Metauro, is quite different. Here the vegetation and hydro geological collapse have created very particular gully forms. The south-western side, where the mountain overlook Acqualagna, is also different from the other parts: it is in fact almost entirely covered by forests. Thanks to its inaccessible slopes, rock formats and forest, it is still possible to visit places where nature has remained intact.


    Furlo Pass

    The Furlo Pass (Italian: Gola del Furlo or Passo del Furlo) is a gorge on the ancient Roman road Via Flaminia in the Marche region of central Italy, where it passes near the Candigliano river, a tributary of the Metauro. The gorge was formed between the Pietralata (889 m) and Paganuccio (976 m) mountains by the river Candigliano, which whooshed in full spate through the district until it was dammed in 1922. Since 2001 it has been included in a State Natural Reserve of the same name. It is often marketed to tourists in the region as the "Grand Canyon of Italy." The gorge is crossed by the original route of the Via Flaminia and represents a unique and uncontaminated scenario. It is also an important nesting place for the Golden Eagle.



    The Monte Nerone is a mountain of Umbria-Marche Apennines, located in the towns of Apecchio, Cagli, and Piobbico, in the province of Pesaro and Urbino; its peak reaches the altitude of 1526 m.  The 1200 m difference in height offers a variety of vegetation and wide and interesting landscapes. On the top you can find two shelters for refreshment and ski resorts. It looks like a limestone massif. Here, depending on the slopes, you can enjoy very varied landscapes: there are sinkholes, gorges, vertical walls and beautiful karst formations, both underground and on surface. The whole area of ​​Nerone is recognized in national and international context of great geological importance for the emergence of hundreds of meters of stratigraphy. In fact it is often the site of paleontological-stratigraphic surveys from several universities.

    The numerous discoveries of fossils and skeletons of extinct animals have made possible the creation of an exhibition at the Museum of Piobbico and Apecchio.



    The so-called Monte Catria group includes, besides the main, five minor peaks: Mount Acuto (1668 m), the Cliffs of cloves (1526 m), the Horn of Catria (1186 m), Mount Tenetra (1240 m), Mount Alto (1321 m) and Mount Morcia (1223 m). It is of the highest peaks is the Umbria-Marche Apennine between the Sibillini mountains and the Bologna's Apennine. The great massif is passable with Mtb, bike or you can  walk along winding paths or paved roads up to the top that dominates the central Italy and the Adriatic coast. The possibilities are numerous, you can climb in Chiaserna of Cantiano, Val d'Orbia, Island Fossara, Montelago Sassoferrato, Serra Sant'Abbondio, Gable, Colombara. The rocks that created the mountain consist mostly of calcareous sediments and limestone marl of marine origin, dating back to the Mesozoic (Jurassic and Cretaceous);  and they contain numerous fossils. Inside the "Cornelian" pliensbachiana age, on the West side of M. Acuto, you can find various characteristic ammonites, including those of the general Catriceras (etymologically "Horn of Catria"). The presence of different geological era rocks makes this mountain a real "geological atlas", very nice and interesting to explore on foot or cycling. From the top of the massif of Catria, you can admire the limestone massif of the lower Lias dating back some 200 million years ago and flaps of "gray ammonite", also called "Limestone Saccocoma and haptic" thanks to the over thrust layers of the oldest rocks, (one example of these outcrops is represented by top billet area of ​​M. Acuto where can be found some kinds of characteristic ammonites of the upper Jurassic, Physodoceras, Hybonoticeras, Simoceras, Subplanitoidesecc...). Many other types of rocks can be found at the connection points of the Monte Catria group.




    Mount Petrano (1162 m) is part of the Umbria-Marche Apennines, and is located in the municipality of Cagli, in the province of Pesaro and Urbino. This mountain has a significant geological interest because, on both sides, S-E (valley of the f. Burano) and N-W (valley of f. Bosso), it is crossed by extensive outcrops of "Red Ammonite", lower Jurassic; The formation of marine origin, typical Umbria-Marche Apennines, has been studied until today. The mountain is known throughout the world for its abundant and diversified fossils, especially the ammonites, which are time lines of huge importance to the Jurassic. The top is blown by strong winds; so the meadows on the summit constitute (at certain times of the year) the ideal place for the practice of activities such kite buggying and land boarding, involving the use of a traction kite. This town is also the place of rallies and demonstrations organized by the lovers of these disciplines.

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